McLaren, founded in 1963 by Bruce McLaren (1937-1970), is a racing team based in Woking, Surrey, United Kingdom, which is best known as a Formula 1 team but has also competed in the 500 miles Indianapolis, and the 24 Hours of Le Mans. His full name is now Vodafone McLaren Mercedes sponsorship by the communications company. The team is headed by Martin Whitmarsh and is overseen by McLaren Racing, a member in turn of the McLaren Group.
McLaren is one of the most successful teams in Formula 1, being the third team in the constructors championship number (eight), behind the British also Williams F1 and Ferrari. Throughout its history, twelve of the pilots who led a McLaren took over the championship.
Bruce McLaren, born in New Zealand, announced the formation of McLaren Motor Racing Ltd. in 1963 because his team then did not want to follow their suggestions engineering. He hired engineers and pilots and began building racing cars for Formula 1. While developing the car, the drivers of vehicles used Cooper T70 team.
Team McLaren Formula 1 was created by merging current McLaren team and the team project (Project 4 or P4) was preparing Ron Dennis in 1981. Hence the names of the McLaren cars since 1981: "M/P4-xx."
The most successful years the McLaren team were the first under the direction of Ron Dennis. John Barnard designed the revolutionary chassis M/P4-1, the first made of carbon fiber, with which he saw the importance of a good chassis in F1. This revolutionary chassis managed to conceal the shortcomings in engine power issues TAG / Porsche turbo. McLaren had in those years to great drivers like Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, Keke Rosberg, and Stefan Johansson. McLaren-Porsche won the Constructors' title in 1984 and 1985 with Lauda and Prost as world champions, respectively. Prost won the drivers' title again in 1986.
In 1988, Honda engines, McLaren dominated the season winning 15 of 16 races, crowned champion Ayrton Senna as pilots despite the bitter rivalry between Senna and his teammate Alain Prost.
In 1989 the dominance of McLaren was still present, however, that year the title went to the detriment of Senna Prost.